Adorning Maitreya’s Intent

Rongtön Sheja Künrig’s commentary on Maitreya’s Distinguishing the Middle from the Extremes (Madhyāntavibhāga)

Translated and introduced by Christian Bernert. Boulder: Shambhala Publications, 2017


The great Sakya master Röngton Sheja Künrig (fl. 15th cent) was one of the most influential teachers in the history of Tibetan Buddhism. He authored commentaries on practically all the important Indian Buddhist treatises and was particularly renowned for his exposition of the Five Treatises of Maitreya.

In his commentary, Rongtön unpacks this concise manual, explaining the vast paths of the three vehicles of Buddhism and the profound view of Yogācāra. The translator’s introduction presents a clear overview of the concepts explored in the text, making it easy for the reader to bridge its ideas to actual practice.




Translator’s Introduction

The Buddhist Path
The Role of Buddhist Philosophy
The Three Turnings of the Dharma Wheel
The Yogācāra Tradition
Scriptural Sources
Fundamental Concepts
Yogācāra in Tibet
Maitreya’s Madhyāntavibhāga
The Text
Overview of the Madhyāntavibhāga
Rongtön’s Commentary
A Short Glimpse at the Life of Rongtön Sheja Künrig
Rongtön’s Commentary on the Madhyāntavibhāga
On This Translation


1. Opening Verses of Worship and Explanation of the Narrative
2. Explanation of the Title
3. Explanation of the Treatise
1.1. Presentation of the main body of the treatise
1.2. Extensive explanation of the branches
1.2.1. Explanation of the first chapter: Characteristics
1.2.2. Explanation of the second chapter: The veils
1.2.3. Explanation of the third chapter: Reality
1.2.4. Explanation of the fourth chapter: Cultivation of the antidotes
1.2.5. Explanation of the fifth chapter: The unsurpassed vehicle
4. Concluding Verses and Verses of Aspiration

Appendix 1: Illuminating the Essence

Appendix 2: Detailed Outline of the Commentary



Tibetan Names and Places with Transliteration and Notes



For orders please visit: Adorning Maitreya’s Intent: Arriving at the View of Nonduality